### NMPC with CasADi and Python – Part 2: Simulation of an uncontrolled system

CasADi is a powerful open-source tool for nonlinear optimization. It can be used with MATLAB/Octave, Python, or C++, with the bulk of the available resources referencing the former two options. This post series is intended to show a possible method of developing a simulation for an example system controlled by Nonlinear Model Predictive Control (NMPC) using CasADi and Python.

In this post, we will try to simulate an uncontrolled system with a forward Euler and a 4th order Runge-Kutta integration method. The latter can be the base for future closed-loop simulations.

### NMPC with CasADi and Python – Part 1: ODE and steady state

CasADi is a powerful open-source tool for nonlinear optimization. It can be used with MATLAB/Octave, Python, or C++, with the bulk of the available resources referencing the former two options. This post series is intended to show a possible method of developing a simulation for an example system controlled by Nonlinear Model Predictive Control (NMPC) using CasADi and Python.

In this post, a file describing the system equations and a script to determine a steady-state setpoint will be developed. This older post contains similar code for CasADi inside MATLAB.

### Linearize nonlinear state space equation in MATLAB at steady state setpoint

This post shows one way to linearize a nonlinear state equation at a steady state setpoint in MATLAB. It is assumed that a function ode.m exists in which the state equation is implemented:

function dx = ode(t, x, u) % example ODE dx1 = tan(x(4)) * x(2) + 2*u(2) - 1; dx2 = x(1) - sin(x(2)); dx3 = 13 * x(4) + u(1) + 1; dx4 = 2*x(1); dx = [dx1; dx2; dx3; dx4]; end